Detroit — Henry Ford Hospital researchers have found a strong correlation between brain dominance and the ear used to listen to a cell phone, with more than 70% of participants holding their cell phone up to the ear on the same side as their dominant hand.
Left brain dominate people are individuals with speech and language center on the left side of the brain, are more likely to use their right hand for writing and other everyday tasks.
Likewise, the Henry Ford study shows most left brain dominant people also use the phone to the right ear, despite there being no perceived difference in their hearing in the left or right ear. And right brain dominant people are more likely to use their left hand to hold the phone to their left ear.
"Our findings have several implications, especially for mapping the language center of the brain," says Michael Seidman, MD, FACS, director of the division of otologic and neurotologic surgery in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at Henry Ford.
"By establishing a correlation between cerebral dominance and sidedness of cell phone use, it may be possible to develop a less-invasive, lower-cost option to establish the side of the brain where speech and language occurs, rather than the Wada test, a procedure that injects an anesthetic into the carotid artery to put half of the brain to sleep in order to map activity."
Seidman notes that the study also may offer additional evidence that cell phone use and brain, head, and neck tumors may not be linked. If there was a strong connection, Seudnan says there would be far more people diagnosed with cancer on the right side of their brain, head, and neck, the dominate side for cell phone use. But it’s likely that there is a time and "dose-dependence" to the development of tumors, he notes.
The study began with the simple observation that most people use their right hand to hold a cell phone to their right ear. This practice, Seidman says, is illogical since it is challenging to listen on the phone with the right ear and take notes with the right hand.
To determine if there is an association between sidedness of cell phone use and auditory or language hemispheric dominance, the Henry Ford team developed a online survey using modifications of the Edinburgh Handedness protocol, a tool used for more than 40 years to assess handedness and predict cerebral dominance.
The Henry Ford survey included questions about which hand was used for tasks such as writing; time spent talking on cell phone; whether the right or left ear is used to listen to phone conversations; and if respondents had been diagnosed with a brain or head and neck tumor.
It was distributed to 5,000 individuals who were either with an otology online group or patients undergoing Wada and MRI for non-invasive localization purposes. More than 700 responded to the online survey.
On average, respondents’ cell phone usage was 540 minutes per month. The majority of respondents (90%) were right handed, 9% were left handed, and 1% was ambidextrous.
Among those who are right handed, 68% reported that they hold the phone to their right ear, while 25% used the left ear, and 7% used both right and left ears. For those who are left handed, 72% said they used their left ear for cell phone conversations, while 23% used their right ear and 5% had no preference.
The study also revealed that having a hearing difference can impact ear preference for cell phone use.
In all, the study found that there is a correlation between brain dominance and laterality of cell phone use, and there is a significantly higher probability of using the dominant hand side ear.
Study results were presented February 26, 2012 in San Diego at the 25th Mid-Winter Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology.
SOURCE: Henry Ford Hospital