The Hearing Review BookShelf features staff-reviewed books, periodicals, and supplements that have been provided for review by the publishers. — KES

Auditory Disorders in School Children,
The Law, Identification, Remediation
Ross J. Roeser & Marion P. Downs
Thieme Medical Publishers, 2004
Fourth Edition, hardbound, 469 pgs

Now in its fourth edition, Auditory Disorders in School Children (first published in 1981) has reached the status of a classic text in the hearing care literature and it continues to impress the reader with its breadth, conciseness, and pragmatic child-centered approach. The new edition covers a broad array of disorders, from mild to profound hearing losses, and has been specifically updated to include information on cochlear implants and the latest technologies used to assist children. As part of its update, the chapters also reflect the widespread use of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) and its positive influence on the identification and treatment of children with hearing impairment.

Auditory Disorders is split into 20 chapters separated by three broad themes: the law, identification, and remediation. The new edition, in particular, provides new information on screening for auditory processing disorders (chapter authored by Robert Keith), as well as classroom and therapy procedures for children with APD (Carole Cokely & Phillip Wilson), and introduces the concept of “The Audiology Home” (Roeser & Jackie Clark)—the idea that pediatric hearing loss management requires a centralized, coordinated, comprehensive, multi-disciplinary approach involving a team of professionals (medical doctors, audiologists, SLPs, teachers, psychologists, etc) working in a family-oriented center to provide kids with all the services they need to excel in educational achievement.

Many authors of the book chapters are members of the impressive UTD/Callier Center and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center staff (see the October 2002 HR), and about 1/5th of the book is dedicated to the complex subjects of behavioral and physiological measures, medical aspects of hearing loss (including otitis media), and screening for auditory disorders (Roeser, Clark, Peter Roland, and Angela Shoup). In addition to these contributions, other gems include Robert Keith’s chapter on APD, Down’s chapter on the contribution of mild hearing loss to language learning problems, Carl Crandell & Joe Smaldino’s chapter on classroom acoustics, Carole Flexer’s chapter on classroom amplification, and David Luterman’s chapter on counseling parents.

Given the explosion of information surrounding pediatric audiology during the last 10 years, it’s possible that the day when one can put together a book on such a wide range of rich topics is drawing to a close. Along with perhaps James & Susan Jerger—who provide the foreword to Auditory Disorders—and a handful of others around the world, one is hard-pressed to come up with a team better than Roeser & Downs (and their contributors) to pull it off in such an eloquent and authoritative manner. Whether you deal with children who have hearing loss or not, this is an excellent resource that deserves a place in your library.

Aural Rehabilitation for People with Disabilities
John M.A. Oyiborhoro
Elsevier Academic Press, 2005
Hardbound, 318 pgs

This book, edited by John Oyiborhoro, director of the Boro Audiology Clinic in Brooklyn, provides information on the problems of assessment and management of people who have disabilities and oftentimes devastating diseases. The author provides an overview and descriptions of the disabilities covered, including mental retardation, Down’s Syndrome, cerebral palsy, HIV/AIDS, visual impairment, and also provides information on sociocultural issues that can influence treatment of those disabled people who are also suffering from hearing loss (eg, a handicapped child whose parents believe that the disability is a punishment from God or a supreme being).

The book is then split into two main themes. Part 1, “Audiologic Rehabilitation for People with Disabilities: Assessment and Management,” covers cerebral palsy and developmental disabilities, HIV/AIDS, visual impairment (written by Cindy Gustin), dementia and Alzheimer’s disease (Emi Isaki), the diagnosis and management of otitis media (Teralandur Parthasarathy & Gita Malur), and cerumen management. Part 2, “Alternative Communication, Amplification, and Counseling,” offers information on amplification and assistive devices (Kenneth Pugh), and augmentative/ alternative communication (Mary Jean Dyczko & Nancy Lenhart Jones). The last chapter pertains to the “RESPECTFUL Counseling Model,” developed by Brenda Cartwright, for the aural rehabilitation and counseling of diverse groups and backgrounds (eg, religious, racial, economic, sexual orientation, etc) that may require special needs relative to both their hearing care and their disabilities.

Aural Rehabilitation for People with Disabilities provides good practical guidance on the special considerations for hearing-impaired individuals with disabilities. Dispensing professionals will find Oriborhoro’s chapter on cerebral palsy, Gustin’s chapter on helping those with vision impairment, and Isaki’s chapter on older adults with dementia particularly useful for their everyday practices. Although some of the material on hearing aid selection, fitting, and verification may appear a bit basic for experienced dispensing professionals, it remains a necessary part of the book.

The book is timely and represents a good overview for helping people with disabilities cope with the compounded problem of hearing loss. In this light, dispensing professionals, audiology students, and speech-language pathologists would benefit from the material.